Развитие Демократии и демогогии в Южной Корее

agriculture: 6% industry: 43% services: 51% (1997 est.)

Population below poverty line:

NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

7.5% (1998)

Labor force:

20 million

Labor force—by occupation:

services and other 52%, mining and manufacturing 27%, agriculture, fishing, forestry 21% (1991)

Unemployment rate:

7.9% (1998)

Budget:

revenues: $100.4 billion expenditures: $100.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997 est.)

Industries:

electronics, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel, textiles, clothing, footwear, food processing

Industrial production growth rate:

3.1% (1997 est.)

Electricity—production:

194.163 billion kWh (1996)

Electricity—production by source:

fossil fuel: 61.18% hydro: 2.65% nuclear: 36.17% other: 0% (1996)

Electricity—consumption:

194.163 billion kWh (1996)

Electricity—exports:

0 kWh (1996)

Electricity—imports:

0 kWh (1996)

Agriculture—products:

rice, root crops, barley, vegetables, fruit; cattle, pigs, chickens, milk, eggs; fish

Exports:

$133 billion (f.o.b., 1998)

Exports—commodities:

electronic and electrical equipment, machinery, steel, automobiles, ships; textiles, clothing, footwear; fish

Exports—partners:

US 17%, EU 13%, Japan 12% (1995)

Imports:

$94 billion (c.i.f., 1998)

Imports—commodities:

machinery, electronics and electronic equipment, oil, steel, transport equipment, textiles, organic chemicals, grains

Imports—partners:

US 22%, Japan 21%, EU 13% (1995)

Debt—external:

$154 billion (1998 est.)

Economic aid—recipient:

$NA

Currency:

1 South Korean won (W) = 100 chun (theoretical)

Exchange rates:

South Korean won (W) per US$1—1,174.00 (January 1999), 1,401.44 (1998), 951.29 (1997), 804.45 (1996), 771.27 (1995), 803.45 (1994)

Fiscal year:

calendar year

Communications

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Telephones:

16.6 million (1993)

Telephone system:

excellent domestic and international services domestic: NA international: fiber-optic submarine cable to China; satellite earth stations—3 Intelsat (2 Pacific Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) and 1 Inmarsat (Pacific Ocean region)

Radio broadcast stations:

AM 79, FM 46, shortwave 0

Radios:

42 million (1993 est.)

Television broadcast stations:

121 (in addition, there are 850 relay stations and eight-channel American Forces Korea Network) (1997)

Televisions:

9.3 million (1992 est.)

Transportation

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Railways:

total: 6,240 km standard gauge: 6,240 km 1.435-m gauge (525 km electrified) (1998 est.)

Highways:

total: 63,500 km paved: 46,800 km (including 1,720 km of expressways) unpaved: 16,700 km (1998 est.)

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